The Muslims wanted to secure themselves against the domination of Hindus. The Hindu parties were making demand for Ram Raj. Hinduism was constantly trying to merge Islam into it like other issues. If the United subcontinent had got freedom, it would have been a permanent form of Hindu authorities because modern democratic system believes in majority government 😡. It was must to get rid of the dominance of the Hindus and it was possible only if the subcontinent was divided.
Inspite of presence of the British rule, the blood of Muslims was shed mercilessly in sectarian riots
The Muslims were given less status in society. They could not lead a dignified and graceful life in Hindu society that believes in caste system, color and creed and the Hindus could never agree to give the Muslims equal social status.
In the second half of 19th century and during the beginning of 20th century, the Hindus continued their attempts to wipe out the language, culture, and civilization of the Muslims, it seemed clear that if India got freedom as a single country, the culture, Civilization and the language of the Muslims would always be in danger.
The Muslims wanted to establish a state in the name of Islam, where they could lead their individual as well as collective lives freely in accordance with the principles laid by Islam.
In different periods, different visionaries gave the sign about the partition of the sub-continent, but Allama Muhammad Iqbal, while presiding over the Annual Session of all India Muslim League at Allahabad in 1930 presented declared plan in a forceful and argumentative manner. Chaudhry Rehmat Ali prepared a pamphlet “now and never” and distributed among the participants of the third Round Table Conference being held in London.
Sindh Muslim League passed a resolution in favor of partition.
In 1940 Quaid-e-Azam got the resolution of Pakistan passed and formed it as the demand of Millat.