History of Lahore

monuments

Talking about the origin and history of Lahore

Lahore has its antiquity. In the history of Lahore, it has been controlled by numerous empires throughout the course, including the Hindu Shahis, Ghaznavids, Ghurids, and Delhi Sultanate by the medieval era. Lahore reached its high splendor under the Mughals empire between the late 16th and early 18th century and served as the capital of this empire for years

Lahore becoming the capital of Sikh Empire

Lahore was captured by the forces of the Afsharid ruler Nader Shah in 1739 and fell into a period of decay while being contested between the Afghans and the Sikhs. In the early 19th Century, Lahore finally became the capital of the Sikh Empire, and eventually, it gained its lost grandeur

 

Later on, Lahore was snatched by the British Empire and it became the capital of British Punjab. Lahore was central to the independence movements of both India and Pakistan, with the city being the site of both the declaration of Indian Independence and the resolution calling for the establishment of Pakistan. Following the success of the Pakistan Movement and subsequent independence in 1947, Lahore was declared the capital of Pakistan’s Punjab province.

Importance of Lahore besides from History of Lahore

  • Lahore is the world’s 2nd largest city after Karachi and its capital of Pakistan’s largest province in terms of Population (Punjab).
  • It exerts a strong cultural influence all over Pakistan and it’s the major center of Pakistan’s publishing industry,it remains the foremost center of Pakistan’s literature.
  • Lahore is the major center of Education in Pakistan because it consists of some of Pakistan’s leading universities
  • Its a core to Qawalli music, and is home to Pakistans film industry Lollywood
  • It has hosts most of Pakistans tourists industries because it consists of many pieces of attraction including the walled city, Sikhs shrines, Badshahi and Wazir Khan mosques
  • Lahore is home to many monuments like Lahore Fort, Shalimar Garden, and did you knew both of these are UNESCO World Heritage Sites

Now let me summarize all of the information given above view the chart below(History of Lahore)

Empire Century Name or rank of the city    
Mughals empire Late 16th and early 18th century Capital    
Sikh Empire Early 19th Century Capital    
British Empire Late 19th Century Capital of British Punjab    
Pakistan In 1947 Capital of Pakistan    

History of Faisal mosque in Islamabad

History of Faisal mosque.

I have decided to share some important points about the construction of the Shah Faisal Mosque. Lets dive into some Description of the construction, architecture, and design of the great Faisal mosque

The master plan of Islamabad was excited from Greek architecture while keeping its apex towards the Margalla hills, its triangular plan was developed on grids.

Faisal Mosques is divided into eight functional sectors while covering the region of 351 square miles and these are the

  1. Administrative sector.
  2. Diplomatic enclave.
  3. Commercial space.
  4. Green belt.
  5. National park area.
  6. The residential sector.
  7. Special institutions.
  8. Industrial zone.

 

King Faisal bin Abdul-Aziz

Faisal mosque was named after the assassination of Saudi King Faisal bin Abdul-Aziz in 1975, during his official visit to Pakistan in 1966 he supported the initiative of the Pakistani government to build a national mosque in Islamabad and ended up investing on the mosque as a gift to the Pakistani People. The investment was 130 million Saudi riyals (approximately 120 million USD today).

 

When did the Construction of Shah Faisal mosque Begin?

The construction of the Mosque begin in 1976 and the design was carefully selected from an unconventional design by Turkish Architect Vedat Dalokay after an International level Competition. The year it was completed in is 1986

Following are some features of Faisal mosque

  • Without a typical dome, the mosque is shaped like a Bedouin tent, surrounded by four 260 feet (79 m) tall minarets.
  • The design features eight-sided shell shaped sloping roofs forming a triangular worship hall which can hold 10,000 worshippers.
  • Combined, the structure covers an area of 54,000 square feet and dominates the landscape of Islamabad. It is situated at the north end of Faisal Avenue, putting it at the northernmost end of the city and at the foot of Margalla Hills, the westernmost foothills of the Himalayas.
  • It is located on an elevated area of land against a picturesque backdrop of the national park. The largest mosque in Pakistan, the Faisal Mosque was the largest mosque in the world from 1986 until 1993, when it was overtaken by mosques in the MENA region.
  • Faisal Mosque is now the fourth-largest mosque in terms of capacity. It is a major tourist attraction and is considered a contemporary and influential feature of Islamic architecture.

Quotes By Quaid on Justice and Equality

Quotes by Quaid

FAITH, UNITY AND DISCIPLINE

Islam and its idealism have taught democracy. Islam has taught equality, justice, and Fairplay to everybody. What reason is there for anyone to fear democracy, equality, freedom on the highest standard of integrity, and on the basis of Fairplay and justice for everybody…..Let us make it (the future constitution of Pakistan), We shall make it and we shall show it to the world.

Address, Bar Association, Karachi,
25 January 1948

ISLAM – DEMOCRACY, EQUALITY, JUSTICE, FREEDOM, INTEGRITY, FAIRPLAY

I have no doubt that with unity, faith, and discipline we will not only remain the fifth largest State in the world but will compare with any nation of the world….You must make up your mind now. We must sink individualism and petty jealousies and make up our minds to serve the people with honesty and faithfulness.(because) We are passing through a period of fear, danger and menace. We must have faith, unity and discipline.

Reply to North Western Railway Officers
welcome address, Karachi, 28 December 1947.

EQUALITY, FRATERNITY AND HUMAN RIGHTS

Brotherhood, equality, and fraternity of man – these are all the basic points of our religion, culture, and civilization and we fought for Pakistan because there was a danger of the denial of these human rights in this Subcontinent.

Address, Public Reception, Chittagong,
26 March 1948

EQUAL TREATMENT AND RIGHTS OF MINORITIES

Minorities to whichever community they may belong will be safeguarded. Their religion of faith or belief will be secure. There will be no interference of any kind will their freedom of worship. They will have their protection with regard to their religion, faith, their life, and their culture. They will be, in all respects, the citizens of Pakistan without any distinction of caste or creed.

Press Conference, New Delhi, 14 July 1947.

LIBERTY, FREEDOM AND EQUALITY

You are free!! yes, you are free to go to your temples, you are free to go to your mosques or to any other place of worship in this State of Pakistan. You may belong to any religion or caste or creed – that has nothing to do with the business of the State….We are starting with this fundamental principle: that we are all citizens and equal citizens of one State…..Now, I think we should keep that in front of us as our ideal and you will find that in course of time Hindus would cease to be Hindus and Muslims would cease to be Muslims, not in the religious sense because that is the personal faith of each individual, but in the political sense as citizens of the State.

Address, Constituent Assembly of Pakistan,
Karachi, 11 August 1948

Meet me I am Quaid-e-Azam means to say Muhamed Ali Jinnahbhai.

Meet me I am Quaid-e-Azam means to say Muhammed Ali Jinnahbhai.

Muhammad Ali Jinnah was born on 25 December 1876 – 11 September 1948) he was a lawyer, politician and the founder of Pakistan. Jinnah served as the leader of the All-India Muslim League from 1913 until Pakistan’s creation on 14 August 1947. Further than as Pakistan’s first Governor-General until his death.

Early Life of Quaid-e-Azam:​

Muhammad Ali Jinnah (Quaid-e-Azam) was born in a rented apartment on the second floor of Wazir Mansion in Karachi, Pakistan. on December 25, 1876. At the time of his birth, Jinnah’s official name was Mahomed Ali Jinnahbhai. The eldest of his parents’ seven children, Jinnah was underweight & appeared fragile at the time of his birth. But Jinnah’s mother, Mithibai, was convinced her delicate infant would one day achieve great things. Jinnah’s father, Jinnahbhai Poonja, was a merchant & exporter of grain, cotton, wool, & range of other goods. As a whole, the family belonged to the Khoja Muslim sect.

When Muhammad Ali Jinnah was six years old when his father placed him in the Sindh Madrasatul-Islam School. Jinnah was far from a model student. He was more interested in playing outside with his friends than focusing on his studies. As the proprietor of the thriving trade business. Jinnah’s father emphasized the importance of studying mathematics, but, ironically, mathematics was among Jinnah’s most hated subjects.

When Jinnah was nearly eleven years old, his only paternal aunt came to visit from Bombay, India. Jinnah and his aunt were very close. The aunt suggested that Jinnah return with her to Bombay, she believed the big city would provide him with a better education than Karachi could. Despite his mother’s resistance, Jinnah accompanied his aunt back to Bombay, where she enrolled him in the Gokal Das Tej Primary School. Despite the change of scenery, Jinnah continued to prove himself a restless and unruly student. Within just six months he was sent back to Karachi. His mother insisted he attend Sind Madrassa, but Jinnah was expelled for cutting classes to go horseback riding.

After return

Jinnah’s parents then enrolled him in the Christian Missionary Society High School, hoping he would be better able to concentrate on his studies there. As a teen, Jinnah developed an admiration for his father’s business colleague, Sir Frederick Leigh Croft. When Croft offered Jinnah an internship in London, Jinnah jumped at the chance, but Jinnah’s mother was not so eager for him to accept the offer. Fearful of being separated from her son, she persuaded him to marry before leaving for his trip. Presumably, she believed his marriage would ensure his eventual return

Way to England

At his mother’s urging, the 15-year-old Jinnah entered into an arranged marriage with his 14-year-old bride, Emibai, in February 1892. Emibai was from the village of Paneli in India, and the wedding took place in her hometown. Following the marriage, Jinnah continued attending the Christian Missionary Society High School until he left for London. He departed Karachi in January of 1893. Jinnah would never see his wife or his mother again. Emibai died a few months after Jinnah’s departure. Devastatingly, Jinnah’s mother, Mithibaialso passed away during his stay in London.

As an Attorney.

After disembarking at Southampton and taking the boat train to Victoria Station, Jinnah rented a hotel room in London. As he would eventually, however, settle at the home of Mrs. F.E. Page-Drake of Kensington, who had invited Jinnah to stay as a guest.

After a few months of serving his internship, in June of 1893 Jinnah left the position to join Lincoln’s Inn, a renowned legal association that helped law students study for the bar. Over the next few years, Jinnah prepared for the legal exam by studying biographies and political texts that he borrowed from the British Museum Library and read in the barrister’s chambers. While studying for the bar, Jinnah heard the terrible news of his wife and mother’s deaths, but he managed to forge on with his education. In addition to fulfilling his formal studies, Jinnah made frequent visits to the House of Commons, where he could observe the powerful British government in action firsthand. When Jinnah passed his legal exam in May of 1896, he was the youngest ever to have been accepted to the bar.

With his law degree in hand, in August 1896 Jinnah moved to Bombay and set up a law practice as a barrister in Bombay’s high court. Jinnah would continue to practice as a barrister up through the mid-1940s. Jinnah’s most famous successes as a lawyer included the Bawla murder trial of 1925 and Jinnah’s 1945 defense of Bishen Lal at Agra, which marked the final case of Jinnah’s legal career.

Quaid-e-Azam as Statesman

Jinnah’s visits to the House of Commons, he had developed a growing interest in politics, deeming it a more glamorous field than law. In Bombay, Jinnah began his foray into politics as a liberal nationalist. When Jinnah’s father joined him there, he was deeply disappointed in his son’s decision to change career paths and, out of anger, withdrew his financial support. Fortunately, the two had mended fences by the time Jinnah’s father died in April 1902.

Jinnah was particularly interested in the politics of India and its lack of strong representation in British Parliament. He was inspired when he saw Dadabhai Naoroji become the first Indian to earn a seat in the House of Commons. In 1904, Jinnah attended a meeting of the Indian National Congress |& In 1906 he joined the congress himself. In 1912, Jinnah attended a meeting of the All India Muslim League, prompting him to join the league the following year. Jinnah would later join yet another political party, the Home Rule League, which was dedicated to the cause of a state’s right to self-government.

In the midst of Jinnah’s thriving political career, he met a 16-year-old named Ratanbai while on vacation in Darjeeling. After “Rutti” turned 18 and converted to Islam, the two were married on April 19, 1918. Rutti gave birth to Jinnah’s first and only child, a daughter named Dina, in 1919.

Second marriage

As a member of Congress, Jinnah at first collaborated with Hindu leaders as their Ambassador of Hindu Muslim Unity, while working with the Muslim League simultaneously. Gradually, Jinnah realized that the Hindu leaders of Congress held a political agenda that was incongruent with his own. Earlier he had been aligned with their opposition to separate electorates meant to guarantee a fixed percentage of legislative representation for Muslims and Hindus. But in 1926, Jinnah shifted to the opposite view and began supporting separate electorates. Still, overall, he retained the belief that the rights of Muslims could be protected in a united India. At that stage of his political career, Jinnah left Congress and dedicated himself more fully to the Muslim League.

Then

By 1928 Jinnah’s busy political career had taken a toll on his marriage. He and his second wife separated. Rutti lived as a recluse at the Taj Mahal Hotel in Bombay for the next year, until she died on her 29th birthday.

During the 1930s Jinnah(Quaid-e-Azam) attended the Anglo-Indian Round Table Conferences in London and led the reorganization of the All India Muslim League.

 

Independent Pakistan

By 1939 Jinnah came to believe in a Muslim homeland on the Indian subcontinent. He was convinced that this was the only way to preserve Muslims’ traditions and protect their political interests. His former vision of Hindu-Muslim unity no longer seemed realistic to him at this time.

Proposing Pakistan.

During a 1940 meeting of the Muslim League at Lahore, Quaid-e-Azam proposed the partition of India and the creation of Pakistan.In the area where Muslims constitute a majority. At this juncture, Jinnah was both displeased with Mohandas Gandhi’s stance at the London Round Table Conference in 1939, and frustrated with the Muslim League. Much to Jinnah’s chagrin, the Muslim League was on the verge of merging with the National League, with the goal of participating in provincial elections and potentially conceding to the establishment of a united India with majority Hindu rule.

Afar from that:

To (Quaid-e-Azam)Jinnah’s relief, in 1942 the Muslim League adopted the Pakistan Resolution to partition India into states. Four years later, Britain sent a cabinet mission to India to outline a constitution for the transfer of power to India. India was then divided into three territories. The first was a Hindu majority, which makes up present-day India. The second was a Muslim area in the northwest, to be designated as Pakistan. The third was made up of Bengal and Assam, with a narrow Muslim majority. After a decade, the provinces would have the choice of opting out on the formation of a new federation. But when the Congress president expressed objections to implementing the plan, Jinnah also voted against it.

The independent state of Pakistan that Jinnah had envisioned came to be on August 14, 1947. The following day, Jinnah was sworn in as Pakistan’s first governor-general. He was also made president of Pakistan’s constituent assembly shortly before his death.

 

Death and Legacy

On September 11, 1948, just a little over a year after he became governor-general,.Jinnah died of tuberculosis near Karachi, Pakistan—the place where he was born.

Today, Quaid-e-Azam is credited with having altered the destiny of Muslims in the Indian subcontinent. According to Richard Symons, Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah “contributed more than any other man to Pakistan’s survival.” Jinnah’s dream for Pakistan was based on the principles of social justice, brotherhood and equality, which he aimed to achieve under his motto of “Faith, Unity, and Discipline”. In the wake of his death, Jinnah’s successors were tasked with consolidating the nation of Pakistan that Jinnah had so determinedly established.

DUTY OF THE GOVERNMENT – I&II

Quaid in Assembly

Quotes by Quaid-e-Azam

Quotes are the sayings of a person so in conclusion Quotes of Quaid means the sayings by Quaid-e-Azam.

DUTY OF THE GOVERNMENT – I

Quaid reading Dawn newspaper, Duty.
Quaid-e-Azam reading Dawn newspaper

You will no doubt agree with me that the first duty of a government is to maintain law and order, so that the life, property, and religious beliefs of its subjects are fully protected by the State.…if we want to make this great State of Pakistan happy and prosperous we should wholly and solely concentrate on the well-being of the people, and especially of the masses and the poor.

Address, Constituent Assembly of Pakistan,
Karachi, 11 August 1946

DUTY OF THE GOVERNMENT – II

The Government can only have for its aim one objective – how to serve the people, how to devise ways and means for their welfare, for their betterment. What other objects can the Government have…..?

Address, Public Meeting, Dacca, 21 March 1947

So by reading the above massage, we get to know how important equality is secondly; I want to share an additional quote must-read that emphasizes the importance of equality and unity in the nation.

These are some Quotes by my beloved Quaid i don’t know about you but i Love my Quaid.

So when talking locally What are the duties of local communities? What I mean is Pakistan Citizens.

Let me explain briefly, aside from governments duties what are localities responsible for how can we prove That we are Patriotic and enthusiastic towards our country.

  1. Know what patriotism is. …
  2. Vote without fail. …
  3. Buy local. …
  4. Support the army and active-duty military. …
  5. Keep your surroundings clean. …
  6. Be proud of/campaign about the pros of your country. …
  7. Celebrate the diversity of your country. …
  8. Pay your taxes.
  9. Give what you learned away to your country…

Black-marketing a Crime.

black-marketing

Black-marketing is the illegal trade of goods and services with the intention to evade the lawful requirements of such trade. Two such common tactics used are to increase the price beyond the controlled price or lower the price below the normal to evade taxation issues.

What did Quaid say :

A citizen who does black-marketing commits, I think, a greater crime… These black – marketers are really knowing, intelligent, and ordinarily responsible people, and when they indulge in black marketing, I think they ought to be very severely punished because they undermine the entire system of control and regulation of ….essential commodities, and cause….starvation and want and even death.

Address, Constituent Assembly of Pakistan, Karachi, 11 August 1947

Some Basic information i think is necessary to share

Are black markets illegal?

black market is a transaction platform, whether physical or virtual, where goods or services are exchanged illegally. Now, what makes the market “black” can either be the illegal nature of the goods and services themselves, the illegal nature of the transaction, or both.

Why the black market is bad?

The black market’s many drawbacks include the risk of fraud, the possibility of violence, being saddled with counterfeit goods or adulterated products (which is especially dangerous in the case of medications), and the fact that the buyer has no recourse.

What can you find on the black market?

The black market often sets a price for foreign exchange that is several times the official one. Examples of goods traded in the black market are weapons, illegal drugs, exotic and protected species of animals, and human organs needed for transplant surgeries.

What are the causes of black marketing?

The two common causes of black marketing in an economy are:
  • Extreme high rates of taxation.
  • Excessive regulation of trade and commerce.